Date of Award
Simone Alexander, Ph.D.
Nathan Oates, Ph.D.
Postcolonialism, subaltern, citizenship, second-class citizen, caste, feminism
This paper argues that Ammu and Velutha, in The God of Small Things and Animal in Animal’s People are not seen as productive citizens of the nation because of their marginalization, which results in their status as second-class citizens. However, Ammu, Velutha, and Animal resist second-class status by challenging the heteropatriarchal nation, rejecting its limited definition of gender, caste, sexuality, and citizenship.
Shahzadi, Mahreen, "“The Un/Touchables:” Quest for Citizenship in Arundhati Roy’s The God of Small Things and Indra Sinha’s Animal’s People" (2022). Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs). 2989.