Date of Award

Winter 2-10-2020

Degree Type


Degree Name

PhD Higher Education Leadership, Management, Policy


Education Leadership, Management and Policy


Dr. Robert Kelchen

Committee Member

Dr. Rong Chen

Committee Member

Dr. Martin Finkelstein


gender pay gap, pay disparity, higher education, female faculty, science health and technology


This study investigates faculty gender pay gap in higher education, while controlling for academic, demographic and family factors. By using data from NSF and drawing on various economic theories such as human capital theory, comparable worth theory, and structural theory, this study will build a framework for examining and comparing the differences in wages for full time-faculty in Science, Health, and Engineering Fields. Rank, discipline, hours worked per week, race/ethnicity, employer size, year of award of the highest degree and number of weeks worked per year and family were all variables used to consider the extent of a pay gap. Multiple hierarchical regression results showed that even when controlling for academic, demographic and family factors female faculty members earned 3.0% less than their male counterparts. These findings are consistent with other studies that prove that the gender pay gap still exists in academia.