Date of Award

Spring 5-18-2020

Degree Type


Degree Name

MS Physics




M. Alper Sahiner

Committee Member

Mark Croft

Committee Member

Erie Morales


XANES, Electronic Structure, Transition Metal Oxides


XANES L2 and L3-edge X-Ray Absorption Near Edge Spectra (XANES) for 4d and 5d row transition metals (TM) oxides are assumed to be directly reflecting unoccupied d orbitals influenced by the local symmetry of the metal ion. XANES L2- and L3-edge data analysis through non-linear curve fitting allows for a unique, efficient look at the structural eccentricities of transition metal oxides. In this way it is possible to determine the oxidation state of a material as well as its site symmetry. We have used non-linear least-squares fitting across the near-edge region of the various 4d row and 5d row TM oxides in order to investigate the systematics of the d-orbital occupancy and the XANES white line features for t2g and eg symmetry orbitals. The statistics have shown promising trends for 4d and 5d row level transition metal oxides. The systematics obtained with these results provide crucial information for the synthesis of new materials with specific electronic structures and crystal symmetries.