Date of Award

Fall 10-28-2019

Degree Type


Degree Name

EdD Education Leadership, Management and Policy


Education Leadership, Management and Policy


Luke Stedrak Ed.D.

Committee Member

Christopher Tienken Ed.D.

Committee Member

Michael Kuchar Ph.D.


Law Enforcement, Prevention, Intervention, Addiction, Adolescents, Students


Research on the effectiveness of the two most widely utilized school-based prevention programs in the state of New Jersey, Drug Abuse Resistance Education (D.A.R.E.) and Law Enforcement Against Drugs (L.E.A.D.). Research was conducted using the New Jersey Department of Educa- tion School Violence, Vandalism and Substance Abuse Reports for the 2016-2017 academic year to measure the influences of either program on students in public school districts throughout the state. Using District Factor Groups A-J, three-hundred four middle, intermediate, and upper schools using either programs were analyzed, with the only statistically significant variable was a relationship between enrollment and the variables measured. The three main outcomes meas- ured, violence, vandalism and substances produced no statistical significance based upon the sta- tistical analysis of the data. Based upon the data used in the statistical analysis, neither D.A.R.E. nor L.E.A.D. produced any significant changes in violence, vandalism, or substance abuse.