Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

MADI Diplomacy & International Relations




Margarita Balmaceda

Committee Member

Maria Gomez-Mera


Leftist populism, Sustainable development, Latin America


Sustainable development still remains the best option to secure a viable future. Why are some leaders more prone to implement sustainable development policies than others, and does the leaders' political orientation affect such decision-making? Leaders are often faced with constraints that make them choose policies that do not necessarily lead to sustainability from an ecological point of view. This thesis addresses these issues by examining two case studies that involve an analysis of the sustainable development policies implemented by President Lula in Brazil and President Chavez in Venezuela and the constraints that have hindered them in doing so.



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