Date of Award
MADI Diplomacy & International Relations
Diplomacy, Vision, Charisma, Leadership
This study examined the significance of vision and charisma as the two pertinent characteristics that explain the difference in the degree of commitment of followers. The following hypotheses were proposed: (1) Leaders who espouse a more inclusive vision are more likely to mobilize highly committed followers; and (2) Leaders who are more charismatic are more likely to mobilize highly committed followers. ' Leaders of the Civil Rights Movement in the United States and the Independence Movement in India, specifically, Martin Luther King, Jr., Roy Wilkins, Stokely Carmichael, Mohandas Gandhi, Abul Kalam Azad, and Mohammad Ali Jinnah were assessed. Two orations and one written document presented by each leader were evaluated. Each selection was rated using three questionnaires: Vision Inclusiveness Questionnaire, Leadership Charisma Questionnaire, and Follower Commitment Questionnaire. After compiling the results of the questionnaires and conducting statistical analysis, charisma alone was determined to explain 95.1 % of the commitment of followers, whereas vision was only able to explain 3.8%. In effect, charisma was found to be the most important variable by far.
Calvano, Christi R., "Mobilizing the Masses: the Need for Vision and Charisma" (2003). Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs). 2368.