Date of Award

Summer 6-12-2017

Degree Type


Degree Name

PhD Health Sciences


Health and Medical Sciences


Deborah A. DeLuca, JD

Committee Member

Terrence F. Cahill, Ed.D

Committee Member

Genevieve Pinto-Zipp, Ed.D


horizontal violence, nurse educator, oppression in nursing


There is a paradox in the profession of nursing. Although nursing is known as the caring profession, evidence demonstrates that nurses do not care well for their own. Literature demonstrates that the phenomenon of horizontal violence (HV) is an international problem in the nursing profession, which negatively affects the nurse workplace environment. HV is broadly described as aggressive destructive behavior and intergroup conflict that occurs between nurses. Where behaviors of HV exist, the workplace becomes a toxic environment or nurses (Woefle & McCaffrey, 2007).

This dissertation provides the results of a research study exploring nurse educator’s knowledge, attitudes and practices of HV measured through dimensions of oppression. Nurses have been widely argued to exhibit oppressed group behaviors (Roberts, 1983; Roberts, 1986; Roberts, DeMarco, & Griffin, 2009) and empirical evidence demonstrates that HV is a widespread problem in the nursing profession, with a cycle of behaviors that are embedded during nurse role socialization (Randle, 2003; Longo, 2007). This study explores the phenomenon of HV in nursing using a national sample of nurse educators.