Date of Award

Fall 10-17-2016

Degree Type


Degree Name

PhD Higher Education Leadership, Management, Policy


Education Leadership, Management and Policy


Robert Kelchen, PhD

Committee Member

Rong Chen, PhD

Committee Member

Joseph Stetar, PhD


average net price, instructional inefficiencies, administrative expenses, federal financial aid, state appropriations, four-year public institutions, four-year private not-for-profit institutions


College costs have risen, and students and their families are questioning whether or not students can afford to attend. Factors such as instructional inefficiencies, administrative expenses, and federal financial aid have been associated with the rise in higher education costs at four-year public and four-year private not-for-profit institutions. In addition, reductions in state appropriations have been associated with an increase of tuition at four-year public institutions. But do these factors have a relationship with average net price? The findings of this study note that there is a relationship between average net price and these factors.