Date of Award
Karen Gevirtz, Ph.D.
Jonathan Farina, Ph.D.
Austen, Blackstone, marriage, law, female autonomy, violence
In several of Jane Austen’s novels, her heroines are confronted more than once with the proposition of marriage. Many of the primary proposal scenes in these tales contain violent language seemingly at odds with the romantic context, and the romance convention, of a proposal scene. Austen’s rhetoric of violence functions as a critique of contemporary laws defining and regulating marriage, particularly Blackstone’s Commentaries on the Laws of England, published in 1765. These laws negated a woman’s ownership – both personal and financial – upon her marriage: they outlined both the illegality of a wedded female to own property and the abolished existence of the bride, who post-ceremony would be identified no longer as herself, but as her husband. Such negation would undoubtedly affect a woman’s sense of self, diminished upon submission to (and absorption by) a man. Austen defies this ruling by staging proposal scenes which fit societal expectations as acts of violence, therefore critiquing such marital laws as violent attacks on female agency and identity. By having her characters cast off these attacks in favor of a more equal relationship, Austen simultaneously rejects the marriage laws of her time while proposing an ideal alternative of legal matrimony: one that does not require her heroines to surrender their identities. In writing these conclusions, Austen calls for a revision of marital law to maintain the female’s personal ability and overall sense of self. While the heroine’s primary suitors are self-centered, the suitors which Austen’s characters ultimately accept see and acknowledge the heroine’s self. Because of this notable difference, each of Austen’s characters ultimately obtain the ability to participate in a marriage while maintaining their identity. In this way, Austen delivers social commentary through her primary proposal scenes and proposes an ideal marital structure through her endings.
Bicho, Brianna, ""'Violent Love': Jane Austen and Eighteenth-Century Marriage Laws"" (2018). Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs). 2539.