Date of Award
EdD Education Leadership, Management and Policy
Education Leadership, Management and Policy
Barbara Strobert, Ed.D.
Msgr. Christopher J. Hynes, D. Min.
Domenick R. Varricchio, Ed.D.
Christopher H. Tienken, Ed.D.
structural determinants, social disorganization theory, economically disadvantaged, racial/ethnic heterogeneity, residential instability/mobility, educational attainment
This correlational, explanatory, cross-sectional study explains the influence of neighborhoods’ structural determinants on the rate of violent crimes in New York City’s communities. Guided by the theoretical foundation of social disorganization theory, the variables in this study included the economically disadvantaged, racial/ethnic heterogeneity, residential instability/mobility, and the level of educational attainment. The statistical analysis in this study included correlational matrix and simultaneous multiple regression model (ordinary least squares). The study consisted of 59 New York City community districts (encompassing the City’s population of 8,622,698 residents) and included the violent crime rates for 2017. The findings in this study indicated that the level of the community’s economically disadvantaged and residential instability/mobility does influence the rate of violent crimes in New York City communities. Conversely, racial/ethnic heterogeneity and the level of educational attainment did not influence the rate of violent crime in New York City communities. The findings suggest that more resources should be directed to address poverty within communities with high rates of violent crime.
Boyd, Rodney C., "Beyond Social Disorganization Theory: The Influence of Multiple Structural Determinants of Crime on an Urban Community" (2020). Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs). 2785.
Community-Based Research Commons, Criminology and Criminal Justice Commons, Public Administration Commons, Quantitative, Qualitative, Comparative, and Historical Methodologies Commons, Social Statistics Commons