Date of Award

Spring 5-22-2018

Degree Type


Degree Name

EdD Education Leadership, Management and Policy


Education Leadership, Management and Policy


Christopher Tienken, Ed.D.

Committee Member

Elaine Walker Ph.D.

Committee Member

George J Solter, Ed.D.


Vocational Education, Industrial Arts, New Jersey


This explanatory longitudinal study explains the influence of the removal of vocational education on specific school variables and determines the between-group differences of high school vocational programs and county vocational schools on these variables. The data set was obtained from the New Jersey Historical School Report Card from 1994–2001, which can be found on the NJDOE (New Jersey Department of Education) website. The time frame of the data set was chosen because many school districts during this time removed their vocational classes to make room for the state’s mandated minimum course requirements. The results from this study aid in explaining what occurred to the variables over an 8-year time frame when the vocational programs were cut. The study looks at 35 high schools in New Jersey with a low socioeconomic status and 46 county vocational schools. Although there are some significant differences in the means of some of the variables, the results do not show a cause and effect. Hopefully, this research will lead to further studies in vocational education to fill in the research gap and help its implementation because many stakeholders are calling for its return.