Date of Award

Fall 12-4-2014

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

PhD Health Sciences

Department

Health and Medical Sciences

Advisor

Genevieve Pinto-Zipp, Ed.D

Committee Member

Terrance Cahill, Ed.D

Committee Member

Deborah DeLuca, J.D.

Keywords

Leadership, physical therapy, clinical education, MLQ- Form-5X

Abstract

The APTA has identified the roles of the CCCE and CI as leaders in physical therapy clinical education. In the literature there appears to be an absence of studies examining the CCCE and CI leadership style and its impact on the preparation for clinical instruction, extra effort, job satisfaction and effectiveness of quality clinical education. The purpose of this study was to examine the leadership styles of CIs and CCCEs and to discern if there was a correlation between CI’s and CCCE’s perceptions of leadership style and perceptions of leadership effectiveness based upon three leadership outcomes. The second purpose of this study was to assess the influence of background demographic factors and leadership behaviors.

The sample consisted of 58 CCCEs and 19 CIs. Subjects completed the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire Form-5X created by Bass and Avolio, which measured Transformational, Transactional and Laissez –faire leadership behaviors and leadership outcomes of effectiveness, extra effort and satisfaction. Additionally, the subjects completed the Clinical Educator Profile, which measured personal attributes and clinical education program information. Descriptive statistics, Regression analysis, and Pearson correlation were used to analyze the data. The results suggest a positive correlation that CCCEs and CIs perceive themselves as implementing Transformational leadership behaviors and to a lesser extent Transactional leadership behaviors and leadership outcomes. CCCE results revealed that a significant positive relationship (p < .01) existed between the three leadership outcomes of extra effort, effectiveness, and satisfaction and Transformational leadership style. CI results revealed that a positive relationship (p < .01) existed between the three leadership outcomes of extra effort, effectiveness, and satisfaction and Transformational leadership style. The CI results also support that a positive relationship (p < .01 and p < .05) exists between the three leadership outcomes of extra effort, effectiveness, and satisfaction and Transactional leadership style. A significant positive relationship (p < .01) between CCCE demographic factors and Transformational leadership behaviors was also noted. Lastly, a significant positive relationship (p < .01 and p< .05) was found for CI demographic factors and several Transformational and Transactional behaviors.

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